Saturday, November 23, 2013

Great Philosophers

Aristotle Contemplating a Bust of Homer
(painting by Rembrandt)
Nietzsche by Edvard Munch

It seems to me, that philosophers are part scientist and part linguist; there are
even philosophers of science such as Carnap and Popper. Often philosophers
talk in circles and end up where they started, but there is no denying that they
present (and attempt to answer) the prime questions of existence. Many of the
following were more than just philosophers (Aristotle, Pythagoras and Francis
Bacon for example), but I tried to select a diverse group of thinkers.

"Philosophy has no end in view save truth; faith looks
for nothing but obedience and piety."
"I do not know how to teach philosophy without becoming a
disturber of established religion."
Baruch Spinoza


"Superstition sets the whole world in flames; philosophy extinguishes it."
"In theology we must consider the predominance of authority;
in philosophy the predominance of reason."
Johannes Kepler


School of Athens by Raphael
(includes Plato, Aristotle, Heraclitus and Diogenes)
Death of Socrates
by  Jacques-Louis David

The Death of Socrates
by Jean-François-Pierre Peyron
Death of Socrates
by Jacques-Philip-Joseph de Saint-Quentin
The Death of Socrates
by Giambettino Cignaroli
"In every age, natural philosophy had a troublesome adversary and hard to deal with;
namely, superstition, and blind and immoderate zeal of religion."
Francis Bacon


David Hume
Pythagoras of Samos

John Locke
Rene Descartes

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Ludwig Wittgenstein

Bertrand Russell  1959 interview
Friedrich Nietzsche

Immanuel Kant

Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Philo of Alexandria
Lao Tzu
Thomas Aquinas
(reluctantly added to list)

Baruch Spinoza

Thomas Hobbes
Karl Marx

Jean-Paul Sartre

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Zeno of Citium
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Henry David Thoreau

Niccolo Machiavelli
John Stuart Mill

Søren Kierkegaard

George Berkeley
Mary Wollstonecraft

William of Ockham
Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina

George Santayana

Albert Camus
Simone de Beauvoir

Arthur Schopenhauer

Michel Foucalt

Gottlob Frege
Diogenes of Sinope

Denis Diderot

Edward Husserl

Francis Bacon

Thales of Miletus


Martin Heidegger

Thomas Paine

Friedrich Schelling

Karl Popper

William James
José Ortega y Gasset
Auguste Comte
Miguel de Unamuno
Alfred North Whitehead

Jacques  Derrida
Rudolf Carnap
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Noam Chomsky